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Depositional evolution of the Lower Khuzestan plain (SW Iran) since the end of the Late Pleistocene
Bogemans, F.; Janssens, R.; Baeteman, C. (2017). Depositional evolution of the Lower Khuzestan plain (SW Iran) since the end of the Late Pleistocene. Quat. Sci. Rev. 171: 154-165.
In: Quaternary Science Reviews. Pergamon Press: Oxford; New York. ISSN 0277-3791; e-ISSN 1873-457X
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Persian Gulf; Mesopotamia; Holocene; Mud-dominated river; Estuary;Evaporites; Climate change; Sea-level rise

Authors  Top 
  • Bogemans, F.
  • Janssens, R.
  • Baeteman, C.

    A detailed sedimentological investigation of sixty-six cores supported by radiocarbon age determination enabled the reconstruction of the depositional environmental evolution since the end of the Late Pleistocene in the Iranian part of the Mesopotamian plain. Both fluvial and estuarine environments have been identified on the basis of the sediment characteristics and their between-core stratigraphic correlations. At the end of the Late Pleistocene the fluvial behaviour allowed only the deposition of sand. Prior to 12400-12040 yr cal BP the palaeohydraulics changed by which heterolithic fluvial facies were deposited. Shortly after 12400 - 12040 yr cal BP an erosional phase caused the incision of depressions most probably because of a climate change to further arid conditions. In the early Holocene, mud dominated river systems filled the depressions; a situation that lasted at least until 7900 - 7700 yr cal BP. After this period tides invaded via the active channels in the downstream part of the area, which turned into an estuarine environment for a period of about 2000-2500 years. Tidal influence diminished and stopped around 5000 yr cal BP because of progradation. Fluvial processes dominated again the sedimentary environment in the study area, except at the southern margin of it where tides controlled, although very locally, the environment.

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